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Aromatherapy Information
and Resources
 ประโยชน์ของการดูแลสุขภาพ
 ด้วยวิธีสุคนธศาสตร์บำบัด

History of Aromatherapy
   ประวัติของการรักษาสุขภาพ
   โดยวิธีสุคนธศาสตร์บำบัด 

What are Essential Oils?
   น้ำมันหอมระเหยคืออะไร  

Is All the Hype True? 
   ความเข้าใจที่ถูกต้อง

Safety Information
   หลักการใช้ที่ถูกวิธีเพื่อป้องกัน
   อันตรายจากการใช้ที่ไม่ถูกต้อง 

Uses for Essential Oils
   วิธีการนำน้ำมันหอมระเหย
   มาใช้ในการดูแลสุขภาพ 

Tips for Beginners
   เทคนิคสำหรับผู้เริ่มต้น 
 
Aromatherapy Diffusers
   อุปกรณ์ช่วยในการกระจาย
   น้ำมันหอมระเหย 

Aromatherapy Diffuser 
   Blends 

   สูตรการใช้น้ำมันหอมระเหย
   แบบผสมเพื่อช่วยสร้างสรร
   บรรยากาศเมื่อใช้กับตัวกระจาย
   กลิ่น (Diffuser/Bunner)
 -
Aromatherapy for Bath

   การใช้น้ำมันหอมระเหยในการ
   อาบและแช่ในอ่างอาบน้ำ

General Glossary
   ความหมายและศัพท์ที่เกี่ยวกับ
   สุคนธศาสตร์บำบัด 


ผลิตภัณฑ์สุคนธศาสตร์บำบัด  
   Aromatherapy products 
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Aroma Candle Gel and
  Soybean candle wax

  เทียนแบบเจล สำหรับทำเทียน
  เจลหอมอโรม่า/เทียนเจลประดับ
  เทียนปลอดสารพิษจากธรรมชาติ
  แนะนำวิธีการทำเทียนแบบเจล
  วัสดุและอุปกรณ์ในการเทียนเจล
 
ชุดสำเร็จรูปสำหรับผู้เริ่มต้นใน
  การทดลองทำด้วยตนเอง
 




Health Navigation






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Introducing essential oils into your lifestyle can be quite easy, fun, and therapeutically beneficial. Below are a few ways in which you can get started. These methods are intended as guidelines only, and you do need to pay special attention to all safety pre cautions applicable for each oil that you choose. It is also important to remember that essential oils are flammable. 

Easy Inhalation - Place 3-4 drops of essential oil on a tissue. Place the tissue near your nose and inhale. When trying an oil for the first time, use only one drop to ensure that you do not have a sensitivity or reaction to the oil. 

Steam Inhalation - Boil 2 cups of water. Pour the water into a bowl and add 3-7 drops of oil to the water. Use fewer drops if you are using an oil that may cause irritation to your mucous membranes (i.e. cinnamon, eucalyptus, rosemary, pine, thyme, cajuput, etc.). Place your nose about 12" away from the bowl and inhale. Don't inhale the steam constantly and if you notice any irritation or discomfort, stop immediately. Steam inhalation can help with colds and influenza. Use of energizing or relaxing oils can also make this method useful any time of day or night.

Room Freshening - Use the steam inhalation method noted above but don't directly inhale into the bowl. Use up to 10 drops of oil. Use fewer drops if you are using an oil that may cause sensitization. Other methods including use of an aromatherapy diffuser or lamp scent ring available through many aromatherapy companies. 

General Household Freshening - Add a few drops of oil to your trash can, laundry wash, drain, vacuum bag filter, or on a tissue for placement in your drawers. 

Bug Repellent - Many essential oils including citronella, lavender, and peppermint act as a natural repellent against insects. Sprinkle a few drops of essential oil onto tissues or cotton balls and place near your doorways and windows to help repel insects. Be sure to read all safety data on the oils you use as some oils may not be suitable for use around pets. Be careful not to apply the essential oil directly onto fragile surfaces. 

Massage - Add up to 20 drops of essential oil to 1 ounce carrier oil such as sweet almond oil and massage onto yourself or partner. Keep away from eyes and genital areas. Do not apply essential oils to the skin without first diluting them. Be sure to also read the safety data for the essential oils you choose to use. 

Bath - Add 5-7 drops essential oil to 1 ounce carrier oil. Add this blend to your running bath water and mix well before getting into the tub. Be sure to read the safety data for the essential oils you choose to use. 

Other Uses

Essential oils can be used in making homemade lotions, facial toners, shampoos, perfumes, soaps, shower gels, and other natural products. Additionally, essential oils are often blended for their therapeutic synergistic abilities. The Recipes area includes many recipes and synergies. 

The Book Shelf area provides book descriptions for over 12 popular aromatherapy books. Included are books that offer detailed recipes, other uses for essential oils, aromatherapy safety, and detailed essential oil information.

ในที่นี้จะแนะนำวิธีใช้บางวิธีที่ง่าย ๆ
1. นวด เป็นวิธีที่นิยมมากสำหรับนักสุคนธบำบัดอาชีพ ซึ่งจะนวดทั่วร่างกายน้ำมันหอมระเหย จะถูกเลือกให้
เหมาะกับสภาพและอารมณ์ของคนไข้ ผสมกับน้ำมันอื่น เช่น น้ำมันแอลมอนด์ หรือน้ำมันเมล็ดองุ่นปริมาณ
น้ำมันหอมระเหยที่ใช้อยู่ระหว่าง 1-3 %
ขึ้นอยู่กับชนิดของอาการแต่ต้องให้แน่ใจว่าน้ำมันได้ถูกดูดซึมผ่าน
ผิวหนังและเข้าสู่กระแสโลหิต โดยหลักทั่ว ๆ ไป โรคปวดในข้อ หรืออาหารไม่ย่อย ต้องใช้ความเข้มข้น
มากกว่าโรคที่เกี่ยวกับอารมณ์และประสาท
การนวดด้วยตัวเองต้องนวดเป็นจุดไปโดยเฉพาะ เท้า มือ และส่วนต่าง ๆ ของร่างกายที่ทำให้ไม่สบาย เช่น
นวดท้องตามเข็มนาฬิกาด้วยน้ำมันสะระแหน่ที่เจือจางแล้ว เพื่อช่วยระบบย่อยอาหาร

2. น้ำมันและโลชั่นบำรุงผิว การเตรียมน้ำมันหอมระเหยเหมือนวิธีนวด จุดประสงค์เพื่อรักษาผิวหนังที่มีปัญหาเฉพาะ ส่วน
ใหญ่การใช้นิ้วมือนวดเบา ๆ เป็นวงกลมก็เป็นการเพียงพอที่จะให้น้ำมันซึมซาบเข้าผิวหนัง 
  น้ำมันกุหลาบเหมาะกับผิวหนังที่แห้ง หรือเหี่ยวย่น 
  น้ำมันมะกรูดหรือน้ำมันมะนาวช่วยรักษาสิวและผิวหน้าที่มันมาก
  น้ำมันหอมระเหยสองสามหยดผสมกับครีมหรือโลชั่นธรรมดา หรือเติมไปกับที่พอกหน้าเช่น ข้าวโอ้ต 
  น้ำผึ้ง หรือ ดิน กับผลไม้ต่าง ๆ 
ในบางกรณี เช่น ติดเชื้อเฮอร์ปีส์ หรือน้ำกัดเท้าควรใช้โลชั่นที่มีส่วนประกอบของแอลกอฮอลล์มากกว่าครีม 
โดยนำน้ำมันหอมระเหย 6 หยดผสมกับไอโซโปรปิลแอลกอฮอลล์หรือเหล้าวอดก้า 5 ซีซี ทำให้เจือจางด้วย
น้ำต้มเดือดและทิ้งให้เย็น 1 ลิตรรักษาแผลที่เปิดหรือตุ่มใสที่เกิดจากอีสุกอีใส หรือเชื้อเฮอร์ปีส์ที่อวัยวะเพศ

3. การประคบร้อนหรือเย็น
ได้ผลดีต่อการใช้น้ำมันหอมระเหยเพื่อลดการปวดหรืออักเสบ การประคบ
ร้อนทำโดยเทน้ำร้อนจัด ๆ ลงในอ่าง เติมน้ำมันหอมระเหย 4-5 หยด เอาผ้าที่พับแล้วจุ่มลงไป บีบน้ำออกพอ
หมาด ๆ วางลงบนส่วนที่ต้องการจนรู้สึกผ้าเย็นก็ทำซ้ำวิธีนี้มีประโยชน์ต่อการปวดหลัง ปวดตามข้อและ
กระดูก บวม ปวดหู และปวดฟัน
การประคบเย็น วิธีการเช่นเดียวกันแต่ใช้น้ำเย็นแทนน้ำร้อนเหมาะสำหรับโรคปวดศีรษะ เคล็ด เครียด และ

4. การบำรุงรักษาผม อาจจะใช้น้ำมันหอมระเหย 2-3 หยดเมื่อสระผมครั้งสุดท้ายหรือผสมลงในแชมพู
วิธีที่ดีที่สุดสำหรับการบำรุงผม ก็คือ ใช้น้ำมันหอมระเหยประมาณ 3% ผสมกับน้ำมันมะกอกกับโจโจบา หรือ
น้ำมันแอลมอนด์ นวดให้ซึมหนังศีรษะห่อด้วยผ้าขนหนูอุ่น ๆ ประมาณหนึ่งถึงสองชั่วโมง  น้ำมันโรสแมรี่ 
น้ำมันแคโมมิลล์ ช่วยปรับสภาพและทำให้ผมงอก น้ำมันลาเวนเดอร์ช่วยไล่เหาน้ำมันมะกรูดช่วยคุมรังแค

5. ใช้ไอระเหย การใช้ที่เผาน้ำมันหรือที่กระจายกลิ่นหอมเป็นวิธีที่ดีที่จะให้ห้องมีกลิ่นหอมแทนการใช้
ธูปหอมซึ่งก่อให้เกิดฝุ่นหรือควันแต่ต้องวางในที่ที่ปลอดภัยและห่างจากเด็กหรือสัตว์เลี้ยง อาจจะหยดน้ำมัน
หอมระเหย ลง 2-3 หยดที่ขอบโป๊ะหลอดไฟฟ้า หรือหยดลงในชามน้ำที่วางบนเครื่องที่ให้ความร้อน น้ำมัน
ตะไคร้ หรือตะไคร้หอมใช้ไล่แมลงและขจัดกลิ่นของบุหรี่ น้ำมันกำยาน หรือน้ำมันยูคาลิปตัสใช้ในห้องนอน
เพื่อช่วยแก้

6. การสูดไอน้ำ วิธีนี้เหมาะกับคนที่เป็นไซนัส หรือติดเชื้อที่ระบบทางเดินหายใจโดยเอาผ้าคลุมศีรษะ
และอ่างที่ใส่น้ำร้อนผสม น้ำมันสะระแหน่หรือน้ำมันไทม์ประมาณ 5 หยด สูดหายใจลึกๆ 1 นาทีและทำซ้ำ 
วิธีนี้อาจใช้อบหน้าได้ โดยใช้น้ำมันมะนาวแทนซึ่งจะช่วยเปิดรูที่อุดตันและลบริ้วรอยบนใบหน้า

7. ใช้ภายใน เนื่องจากน้ำมันหอมระเหยเข้มข้นมากดังนั้นจึงไม่แนะนำให้ใช้วิธีนี้ที่บ้าน แม้แต่สมาคม
สุคนธบำบัดนานาชาติก็ไม่ให้ใช้วิธีนี้ อย่างไรก็ตามเนื่องจากน้ำมันหอมระเหยสามารถถูกดูดซึมเข้าในร่างกาย
ได้ง่ายจึงมีผลต่ออวัยวะภายในโดยการใช้ภายนอก
ในกรณีที่เป็นโรคข้ออักเสบซึ่งเกิดจากการสะสมสารพิษที่ข้อต่อ การใช้น้ำมันบางชนิด เช่น น้ำมันไพล 
น้ำมันนิเปอร์ หรือน้ำมันเบิร์ชสามารถไปชำระล้างพิษ และในขณะเดียวกันก็ลดการปวดและอักเสบได้

 Aromatherapy Tips for Beginners       

 Many of these suggestions are mentioned throughout AromaWeb, but they are also included below as a quick-reference:

DON'T: Don't buy perfume oils thinking they are the same thing as essential oils. Perfume oils do not offer the therapeutic benefits of essential oils. Even if you only intend on using aromatherapy in your lifestyle for the sheer enjoyment of the aroma, essential oils that are breathed in can offer therapeutic benefits. These benefits do not occur with the use of perfume oils.

DON'T: Don't buy essential oils with rubber glass dropper tops. Essential oils are very concentrated and will turn the rubber to a gum thus ruining the oil. 

DO: Read as much as you can on Aromatherapy. It is very easy to get started with Aromatherapy, but there are safety issues that you need to be aware of. AromaWeb does offer safety tips and information to help you on your way, but you are wise to read even further on the important subject of essential oil safety. Visit the Book Shelf for book descriptions on over 12 popular aromatherapy books. 

DO: Be selective of where you purchase your essential oils. The quality of essential oils varies widely from company to company. Additionally, some companies may falsely claim that their oils are undiluted or pure when they aren't. 

DO: Learn to compare apples to apples when shopping for oils. Anise, Lavender, Bay, Cedarwood, and Eucalyptus are examples of the common names of plants used to create essential oils. There, however, are different varieties of each of these plants. To differential these varieties, the botanical name (also referred to as the Latin name) is used to tell them apart. For instance, two different oils are referred to as "Bay essential oil," yet they come from two different plants. The properties and aroma of each oil do differ as does the general cost between the two. It, therefore, is important to pay attention to the botanical name. In the case of Bay, the common botanical names for the two oils used in this example are Pimenta racemosa and Laurus nobilis. 

DO: It is also helpful to note the country of origin for the oil. Most good essential oil sellers will readily supply the botanical names and country of origin for the oils that they sell. When comparing one company's oils with another's, also pay attention to if either company's oils are organic, wild-crafted or ethically farmed. 

DON'T: It is wise not to purchase oils from vendors at street fairs, craft shows, or other limited-time events. Some vendors know beginners have no recourse against them later. This is not to say that there are not highly reputable sellers at such events, but this is a caution for beginners who are not able to reliably judge quality. 

DO: Purchasing oils from reputable mail-order companies may result in obtaining higher quality oils at less expense than purchasing oils from a generic local health food establishment. Again, there is a wide variance in the quality of oils from company to company and store to store. Although AromaWeb does not make an endorsement of any establishment, the Business Plaza's Vendor Pavilion lists a variety of companies that sell essential oils and aromatherapy products.

DO: Store your oils in dark glass (amber or cobalt blue) and in a cool, dark place. I have two wooden hinged boxes that I store some of my oils in. Unfinished wooden boxes may be purchased at craft stores. These boxes allow me to move my oils from different areas of the house easily. Wooden floppy disk holders can also serve this purpose well. 

DO: Pay special attention to all safety information on all essential oils that you use. This is even more important if you have any medical condition or are pregnant. 

DO: Last but not least, do enjoy introducing aromatherapy into your lifestyle! 

 เลือกซื้อผลิตภัณฑ์สุคนธศาสตร์บำบัด คลิก - Aromatherapy products click
 

 

 

 Aromatherapy and Essential Oil Diffusers      

Diffusion is the process of dispersing essential oils so that their aroma fills a room or an area with the natural fragrance. From the simple to the elaborate, many different methods exist for diffusing oils into a room. Three easy methods exist which can be done with things you probably already have in your household. In addition, there are numerous diffusers and diffusing devices available for purchase from aromatherapy vendors. This article will detail the different types of devices and methods that may be used. For blends that you can try once you have your diffuser, be sure to visit the Diffuser Blends page.

Methods That Can Be Done With Items Already in Your Household


Simple Tissue Diffusion
Place 3-4 drops of essential oil on a tissue. Place the tissue near you. As movement occurs in the room (i.e. as you move or as someone walks by), you will notice the aroma. 
Advantages:
This method can be used anywhere and is quickly transportable. 
Disadvantages:
This method does not emit much aroma into a room. 


Steam Diffusion
Boil 2 cups of water. Pour the water into a bowl and add up to 10 drops of oil to the water. Use fewer drops if you are using an oil that may cause irritation to your mucous membranes (i.e. cinnamon, eucalyptus, rosemary, pine, thyme, cajuput, etc.). Use of energizing or relaxing oils can make this method useful any time of day or night. The steam will heat the oils and cause them to evaporate quickly into the room. 
Advantages: This method will quickly diffuse the oils into a room. 
Disadvantages: The aroma is not exceptionally long-lasting. Additionally, the heat may alter or destroy certain constituents of the oils and thus the therapeutic benefit may not be as optimal as using cold-air diffusion methods. 


Candle Diffusion
Light a candle and allow it to burn for about 5 minutes. Extinguish the candle, place 1 drop of essential oil in the melted wax (not on the wick!) and then relight the candle. Essential oils are highly flammable, so great care must be used. 
Advantages: This method can be used most anywhere that a candle may be used. 
Disadvantages: Essential oils are flammable, so great care must be used. The aroma is not long-lasting. The heat may alter or destroy certain constituents of the oils and thus the therapeutic benefit may not be as optimal as using cold-air diffusion methods. 


Diffusers and Diffusion Products on the Market
The descriptions below are generalities about the different products that are available. Always check the specifications, requirements and safety comments supplied with the particular product you are interested to confirm that it is suitable for your needs and expectations. To locate vendors that sell diffusers, 

ATring.JPG (2340 bytes)
Lamp Rings
Lamp rings are a terracotta ring that sets directly onto a light bulb. It has a grooved lip that goes all the way around it. This lip holds essential oil. The heat from a light bulb heats the essential oil in the Lamp Ring and the oil is then gently diffused into the room. 
Advantages: Lamp Rings are usually very inexpensive. 
Disadvantages: If any essential oil gets onto the light bulb, the light bulb could break. The heat may alter or destroy certain constituents of the oils and thus the therapeutic benefit may not be as optimal as using cold-air diffusion methods. 


Clay Pot Diffusers
Clay pot diffusers go by many names, but they resemble small terracotta pots. They also can be found in various small shapes such as pyramids. A clay pot diffuser contains an opening for adding essential oils. Usually a cork is the method by which the opening is closed. The oils permeate through the pot and then diffuse out into the room. The intensity of the aroma depends on how much essential oil is added to the clay pot. 
Advantages: Clay pot diffusers are very inexpensive, easy to use, and do not require electricity or batteries. 
Disadvantages: The aroma is strongest shortly after adding essential oil to the clay pot and then dissipates as time passes. As such, it’s hard to keep the same level of aroma in the room. 


Candle Diffusers
A candle diffuser is a diffuser that utilizes a tea light or other candle to gently heat the essential oil to promote diffusion into a room. A candle diffuser is usually ceramic or metal. The diffuser has an opening or space for a candle and a little bowl or tray for storing a tiny quantity of essential oil. Candle diffusers come in many shapes and colors from the modest functional piece to the piece that acts both as a work of art and as a candle diffuser. 
Advantages: Candle diffusers can be inexpensive, depending on the style and design. Candle diffusers do not require electricity or batteries. 
Disadvantages: One needs to be as careful with using a candle diffuser as with using candles in general. Also, one must be sure to keep replacement candles on hand. The aroma generally diffused by a candle diffuser is very light and it does not usually diffuse an entire room. The heat may alter or destroy certain constituents of the oils and thus the therapeutic benefit may not be as optimal as using cold-air diffusion methods. 


Fan Diffusers
Fan diffusers come in a variety of sizes, shapes and styles. A fan diffuser uses a fan to blow the essential oils into the air. To use a fan diffuser, essential oils are usually placed onto a disposable absorbent pad or into a tray. The pad or tray is placed into the unit and then powered on. The fan then blows air across this pad or tray and carries the aroma throughout the room. Since fan diffusers come in a variety of sizes, some fan diffusers will only diffuse a small room whereas others can diffuse very large areas. Some fan diffusers require the use of an absorbent pad (the pads can usually be reordered from the retailer or directly from the manufacturer). In others, the use of absorbent pads is optional. 
Advantages: Fan diffusers are available in a wide variety of brands and styles. Depending on the brand and model, fan diffusers can fragrance a large area. Fan diffusers are generally easy to use. Some fan diffusers are powered by both electricity and batteries making them quite portable. 
Disadvantages: Some fan diffusers, depending on the brand and model, require the purchase of replacement absorbent pads. Some fan diffusers are noisy. 


Electric Heat Diffusers
Similar to a fan diffuser, heat diffusers use heat and a fan to gently heat the oil and disperse the aroma into a room. 
Advantages: Electric heat diffusers may fragrance larger areas, depending on the brand and style. They can also help to more efficiently disperse the aromas of thicker oils such as Sandalwood and Patchouli. 
Disadvantages: Heat may alter or destroy certain constituents of the oils and thus the therapeutic benefit may not be as optimal as using cold-air diffusion methods. 


Nebulizers
A nebulizer is a device that takes essential oils and breaks them into separate molecules before dispersing the smaller molecules into the room. It is said that these smaller molecules can be more readily absorbed by the lungs and thus create greater therapeutic value than by use of other diffusion methods. A nebulizer is a small (perhaps 8" x 4" x 6") device that consists of two main parts: the plastic base that contains the motor and a very unusual, clear blown-glass looking device that holds and "nebulizes" the oils. Instead of the use of the unusual glass piece, some nebulizers use a special bottle that looks like a boston round bottle. 
Advantages: It is said that nebulizers can supply greater therapeutic benefit than the use of other diffusers because they break the oils down into smaller molecules. 
Disadvantages: The glass piece is breakable and expensive to replace. Compared to other methods, cleaning the glass between different oils is time consuming. Depending on the style nebulizer, thick oils such as Sandalwood and Patchouli usually cannot be used as they can clog certain style nebulizers. 
To locate vendors that sell diffusers, visit the Vendor Pavilion. 

For blends that you can try once you have your diffuser, be sure to visit the Diffuser Blends page.

 

 

Absolute - See What are Absolutes?
Like their essential oil counterparts, absolutes are highly aromatic liquids extracted from plants. Absolutes, however, are extracted in a complex manner that requires the use of chemical solvents that are later removed during the final stages of production.

Sometimes, the hot steam or water used to distill an essential oil does not extract much natural oil from the plant or harms the precious natural oil. The solvent extraction methods are often used in these cases. 

Absolutes as a rule are more concentrated than their essential oil cousins. Where it is true that a little essential oil goes a long way, a little absolute goes an even longer way. 



Botanical Name - the latin name given to a species of plant to clearly distinguish it from other plants that share the same common name. Examples: Roman Chamomile's botanical name is Anthemis nobilis. German chamomile's botanical name is Matricaria chamomilla. 



Common Name - The "everyday" name given to a plant. Examples: Bay, Chamomile, Cedar, Orange, Tea Tree and Eucalyptus. Each of these examples has multiple different species with different properties, yet the species go by the same common name. Because of the possible confusion between common names referring to different species, it is important that the botanical name is utilized for clarity. When purchasing essential oils, be sure you refer to the botanical name. If the vendor does not supply the botanical name, ask for it. Be leery if they don't know.

Dram - A unit of measurement equaling about 1/8 of an ounce or about 4 grams. See the Measurements article for more information on measurements commonly used in aromatherapy.


Carrier Oil - See What are Carrier Oils?
Carrier oils also referred to as base oils or vegetable oils are used to dilute essential oils, CO2s and absolutes before applying to the skin. They “carry” the essential oil onto the skin. Different carrier oils offer different properties and the choice of carrier oil can depend on the therapeutic benefit being sought. 

Carrier oils are generally cold-pressed vegetable oils derived from the fatty portions of the plant. Unlike essential oils that evaporate and have a concentrated aroma, carrier oils do not evaporate or impart their aroma as strongly as essential oils. 

Examples of carrier oils are sweet almond, apricot kernel, grapeseed, avacado, peanut, olive, pecan, macadamia nut, sesame, evening primrose, walnut and wheat germ. Most oils bought in the grocery store are not cold-pressed, but instead are heated thus losr therapeutic benefit. Mineral oil is not used in aromatherapy since mineral oil is not a natural product. It is also said that mineral oil can prevent essential oil absorption into the skin. 

Unlike essential oils that do not go rancid, carrier oils can go rancid. Carrier oils that you purchase should be natural and unadulterated. Exceptions include buying carrier oils that have natural vitamin E added because vitamin E acts as a natural preservative. 

See the Carrier Oils page located within the Oil Profiles area for a detailed list of carrier oils. 


Essential Oil - See What are Essential Oils? 
An essential oil is a liquid that is generally distilled (most frequently by steam or water) from the leaves, stems, flowers, bark, roots, or other elements of a plant. Essential oils, contrary to the use of the word "oil" are not really oily-feeling at all. Most essential oils are clear, but some oils such as patchouli, orange and lemongrass are amber or yellow in color.
Essential oils contain the true essence of the plant it was derived from. Essential oils are highly concentrated and a little goes a long way. 

Essential oils are not the same as perfume or fragrance oils. Where essential oils are derived from the true plants, perfume oils are artificially created fragrances or contain artificial substances and do not offer the therapeutic benefits that essential oils offer. See the What are Fragrance Oils? article for more information on fragrance oils and why they are not used in aromatherapy.

The chemical composition and aroma of essential oils can provide valuable psychological and physical therapeutic benefits. These benefits are usually achieved through methods including inhalation and application of the diluted oil to the skin.

For detailed profiles on over 70 oils, see the Oil Profiles area.

Essential oils are often used by diluting them with a carrier oil (sweet almond oil, apricot kernel oil, grapeseed oil) and then applying this blend to the skin for absorption. See the What are Carrier Oils? page for more detailed information about carrier oils.
Careful inhalation of the oils can also provide therapeutic benefit as the oil molecules enter the lungs and are absorbed into the bloodstream.


Floral Water - See What are Floral Waters or
Hydrosols?
A hydrosol sometimes also known as a floral water or distillate water is the water that remains after distilling an essential oil. 

The plant matter used in essential oil distillation imparts a wonderful aroma to the water. This hydrosol also offers therapeutic benefit and is also sold for aromatherapy use. Some plants are actually distilled for the resulting hydrosol instead of the hydrosol being simply a byproduct of the distillation. It is always wise to ask vendors for details about the hydrosols that they sell (and preferably request samples, too). 

Important Note: Sometimes water simply blended with essential oils are sold as floral waters. It is important that you ask the vendor for specifics about his/her "floral waters." 

Hydrosols are used in place of water in creating facial toners and other skin care products. They can also be added to the bath, used as a light cologne or body spray, and even used in finger bowls for elegant, romantic dinners. Examples of commonly available hydrosols are rose, roman chamomile, neroli and lavender. 


Infused Oils - See What are Infused Oils?

An infused oil consists of a carrier oil that has been permeated (“infused”) with one or more herbs. The benefit to using an infused oil as opposed to a plain carrier oil is that the infused oil will contain therapeutic properties of both the carrier oil and the herbs that were infused into the oil. 

Some plants do not have much essential oil contained in them, and in those cases, it is rare or impossible to find an essential oil for that plant species. Infusing the herb into a carrier oil, however, can be a suitable way to still use the herb for aromatherapy purposes. 

Infused oils generally have an oily feeling that varies depending on the base oil used. They also are not as concentrated as essential oils. Additionally, infused oils, just like carrier oils, can go rancid. 

Please note that it is important that you heed the safety information and contraindications of the herbs you choose to use in your infused oil. 

The easiest way to make an infused oil is by the use of a crock pot with a very low heat setting. Since the infused oil must be gently heated, it is essential that your crock pot does not overheat the oil. Do not use a crock pot that only has one heat setting as that crock pot most likely will overheat the oils. Add 2 ounces of your chosen carrier oil and 1/2 - 2/3 ounce of dried herbs (if you use fresh herbs, double the amount of herbs used) to your spotlessly-clean crock pot and stir well. Turn your crock pot to the lowest heat setting. Allow to heat on the lowest setting for two hours, stirring every 10-15 minutes (setting a timer to remind you to stir is important). After two hours, carefully strain the oil by using unbleached muslin (usually available at fabric stores). You should strain the oil at least twice. If any herbs remain in the infused oil, the oil can go rancid. 


Fragrance Oils - See What are Fragrance Oils?
Essential oils contain the true essence of the plant it was derived from. Essential oils are not the same as perfume oils or fragrance oils. Where essential oils are derived from the true plants, perfume oils are artificially created fragrances, contain artificial substances or are diluted with carrier oils and do not offer the calibur of therapeutic benefits that essential oils offer. 

I've visited many stores (including health food stores) and the sites of many aromatherapy vendors. It's unfortunate, but some companies are selling fragrance oil and perfume oils with the word aromatherapy on the label or promoting these oils as being used in aromatherapy. Since the use of the word aromatherapy isn't regulated by the U.S. government, companies can and do get away with this. 

Unfortunately, a lot of beauty products, skin-care products, candles, and other products are improperly labeled with the term aromatherapy. This is especially common in products not purchased from a knowledgeable and reputable aromatherapy vendor. Some products labeled with the word aromatherapy contain fragrance or perfume oils or other synthetic ingredients. Always check the ingredients listed on the item you wish to buy. If the ingredients aren't listed or if it contains synthetics or perfume oils and you want a true aromatherapy product, don't buy it. 

Resins - See What are Resins?
When some trees are injured, they produce a thick, sometimes solid, sticky substance called a resin. Benzoin (Styrax benzoin) is an example of a resin. In production, the trees will be cut in many spots to encourage the tree to produce its resin. 
Natural resins provide therapeutic benefit, but are hard to work with in aromatherapy because they are extremely thick and sticky. You will find liquid resins that have been extracted by solvent or alcohol extraction.


Orifice Reducer - Most essential oils are sold in bottles that contain an "orifice reducer." An orifice reducer is a small, usually clear insert inside the bottle opening that acts as a dropper. You simply tip the bottle and you can dispense the oil drop by drop. See the Storing Your Essential Oils article for a photo of an orifice reducer.

Perfume Oils - See What are Fragrance Oils?
Essential oils contain the true essence of the plant it was derived from. Essential oils are not the same as perfume oils or fragrance oils. Where essential oils are derived from the true plants, perfume oils are artificially created fragrances,  contain artificial substances or are diluted with carrier oils and do not offer the calibur of therapeutic benefits that essential oils offer. 
Unfortunately, a lot of beauty products, skin-care products, candles, and other products are improperly labeled with the term aromatherapy. This is especially common in products not purchased from a knowledgeable and reputable aromatherapy vendor. Some products labeled with the word aromatherapy contain fragrance or perfume oils or other synthetic ingredients. Always check the ingredients listed on the item you wish to buy. If the ingredients aren't listed or if it contains synthetics or perfume oils and you want a true aromatherapy product, don't buy it. 

Pipette - A disposable plastic dropper used in place of an orifice reducer or an eyedropper for dispensing essential oils.

Synergy - A synergistic essential oil blend of the correct oils in proper proportions is considered to be greater in total benefit than each oil working independently, thus creating "synergy." See the Recipes Box area for example synergies. 

• Antiseptic 
The ability to kill germs or microbes.

• Dermatitis 
Inflammation of the skin.

• Detoxify 
To remove the effects or counteract the toxic properties of a poison.

• Diuretic 
Any agent that increases the amount of urine produced and excreted.

• Holistic 
A term describing that which pertains to the entire person, including the body, mind, and spirit.

• Limbic system 
That part of the brain thought to control emotional and behavioral patterns.

• Olfactory nerve 
One of a pair of nerves that arise in the mucous membrane of the nose and connect with areas of the brain associated with the sense of smell.

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