What is Aromatherapy?
on the concept of
Aromatherapy is the art and science of using essential oils from plant sources for health and
wellbeing. The early civilizations --- Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Chinese, Egyptian, --- made use of aromatic plant materials in religious ritual and to promote physical and mental wellness. Throughout history, essential oils have had respected healing applications in the herbal tradition, but it was not until the 1930's that the term 'aromatherapy' was coined. While relatively new to the US, aromatherapy is gaining scientific, medical and popular recognition. Demand for true aromatherapy products, services and education is growing rapidly as people seek to eliminate stress and improve their overall health.
The practice of true aromatherapy centers on the inhalation and application of 'essential oils' --- volatile essences of plants obtained primarily through steam distillation from various parts of certain plants. The tools of the holistic aromatherapist are both essential oils and 'hydrosols,' (the 'oil' and 'water' parts of the distillation process.) The aromatherapist also makes use of 'carrier oils' --- fixed oils freshly cold-pressed from fruit, nut or seed (vegetal) sources, in which the essential oils are diluted before application to the skin. The advantage of true aromatherapy is that its benefits can be immediately experienced during a professional treatment, and the basics are readily learned for self-care at home. There are approximately 300 essential oils and related natural aromatic products currently available to the aromatherapist and to the general public through specialized sources.
The majority of essential oils are obtained directly from plants by steam distillation. Citrus oils are obtained by 'expression' --- cold-pressing the fruit peel mechanically. In the case of certain plants and flowers, other methods are used to obtain aromatic materials. 'Absolutes' are obtained from delicate flowers through the use of solvents that are later removed with alcohol, resulting in a highly fragrant, concentrated product. 'Oleo-resins' are obtained from plants yielding natural liquids, gums and resinous substances. Essential oils are so-called because they are considered to be the volatile 'essential' part of the plant, containing its characteristic aroma and 'life force.' The quality of an essential oil is predicated by the plant type, its origin and geographic locale, cultivation methods, climate, distillation techniques, political or socio-economic issues affecting the country of origin and other factors. Premium-quality essential oils are derived from healthy plants ideally organically grown or wild-crafted, harvested and processed in their optimal state.
Aromatherapy ในกลุ่ม Energising เช่น Bergamot
Oil, Rosemary Oil
ใช้น้ำมัน Bergamot หยดลงไปใน
กลุ่ม Relaxing เช่น Lavender Oil, Grapefruit Oil
Aromatherapy กลุ่ม Energising และ Relaxing
เช่น Rosemary Oil, Bergamot Oil, Lavender Oil
ผลิตภัณฑ์ Aromatherapy ในกลุ่ม
Relaxing และ Energising เช่น Bergamot Oil, Rosemary Oil,
Grapefruit Oil, Lavender Oil
Aromatherapy กลุ่ม Romantic
เช่น Geranium Oil, Ylang Ylang Oil,
Aromatherapy กลุ่ม Energising และ Relaxing
เช่น Lavender Oil,โดยเฉพาะ Rosemary
Aromatherapy ในกลุ่ม Energising
ทำงานเป็นปกติ เช่น Rosemary Oil
ผลิตภัณฑ์ Aromatherapy ในกลุ่ม
Romantic เช่น Geranium Oil, Ylang Ylang Oil
คลิก - Aromatherapy products click
How does true aromatherapy work? When inhaled, essential oil molecules enter the nasal passages where they stimulate the olfactory nerve, and through a series of complex processes, send messages directly into the limbic area of the brain. The limbic system is the seat of memory, learning and emotion. The inhalation of essential oil molecules causes physiological changes within the body via the nervous, endocrine and immune systems. Psychological changes also occur. For example, the aroma of cinnamon (essential oil of Cinnamomum
zeylanicum) may well bring about feelings of comfort, warmth and security, due largely to the 'associative memory' of pleasant past events (e.g., the aroma of hot apple pie baking in the oven.) Positive reactions to natural aromas occur even if we have no specific memories associated with them. These reactions are often instrumental in determining an essential oil's specific therapeutic benefits in treatment.
Several types of devices are used to fill a room's airspace with essential oils to maximize the therapeutic benefits of inhalation. Most sophisticated of these is the
'nebulizer,' comprising an electrical-powered air pump and glass tube that micro-ionizes the essential oils, projecting them into the atmosphere. Electric diffusers use heat to evaporate essential oils applied to pads, creating a subtly fragrant environment. Ceramic diffusers contain a votive candle that gently vaporizes essential oils dropped onto water. Car diffusers, plug-ins, light bulb rings and porous clay accessories are also popular. Various types of jewelry and decorations designed to incorporate essential oils provide 'personal aromatherapy.'
Aromatherapy can also be effectively experienced via application --- spreading the essential oils diluted into a carrier base over the skin. The tiny essential oil molecules are 'carried' through the external layers of the skin during aromatherapy massage
('aromassage'). Used topically, essential oils have myriad applications for health, beauty and
wellbeing. They are used in medicinal and first aid preparations for their anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory properties. For example, respiratory conditions can be greatly ameliorated by chest massage with an aromatherapy oil blend containing eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
globulus) essential oil. Essential oils, once absorbed, are safely excreted from the body through the body's normal channels of elimination within a relatively short time period. The positive mind/body effects experienced during an aromatherapy treatment typically last longer.
Aromassage is practiced by professionals with additional training in a wide range of modalities, including
NDs, chiropractors, RNs, clinical aestheticians, bodyworkers from a variety of disciplines, reflexologists and other holistic practitioners working in clinics or spas. While many consider aromatherapy among the simple home remedies, it is in fact both a specific science and a deeply complex art. The skilled aromatherapist works with the client to develop a 'custom blend' that will suit the client's needs at the time of treatment. The essential oils chosen must work together aesthetically and functionally. For example, when addressing muscle pain, the holistic aromatherapist will create an oil blend which will not only relieve the tension of the muscle group, but will also act upon the client mentally and emotionally to address the underlying cause of the muscle tension. 'Synergy' is the term used for customized, concentrated essential oil blends. The knowledge, awareness and skills required to create effective synergies are very involved, and increase with training and experience.
Safety and purity of essential oils are critical to their efficacy in aromatherapy treatments. NAHA works tirelessly to ensure public awareness of essential oil science and the correct practice of true aromatherapy. Scientific analysis of plant-derived oils is achieved through the use of gas chromatography and mass spectroscopy (GC/MS) equipment. New research centers on
'chiral technology' and the developing science of 'enantiomers' to provide evidence of aromatherapy's effectiveness. Given their potency, it is important that essential oils be used responsibly, whether in professional treatment or for self-care. Certain essential oils are skin
sensitizers, while some are known irritants and a few are toxic. Professional aromatherapists never use these oils in treatment, do not make medical claims, and never advocate the use of any potentially unsafe oils in undiluted form or through inappropriate routes such as the mouth, eyes or ears.
True aromatherapy is not simply the use of products containing fragrance. Pure essential oils from plants, which have not been adulterated with synthetic substances or additives, must ideally be of the finest quality and must appear in the product in quantities considered to be therapeutic. Over the past decade, many commercial companies have capitalized on aromatherapy's popularity and introduced products into the marketplace that do not contain plant-derived essential oils, but petrochemical-derived synthetic fragrances instead. Currently, no regulations prevent scented products from being labeled 'aromatherapy.' Consumers can educate themselves by researching label ingredients: products containing the word 'fragrance' typically contain synthetic scents and not essential oils. Within the coming years, expect to see 'true aromatherapy products' identified with the designation 'TAP', with essential oils described on the label by their Latin binomials (e.g., lavender
(Lavendula vera) oil.) NAHA will continue to provide national leadership in public education regarding true aromatherapy products and services.
This page may be reprinted for educational use. However, it is ? NAHA and credit must be given to The National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy
คลิก - Aromatherapy products click
by Rhiannon Harris
As Aromatherapy evolves and develops around the world, different techniques, styles,methods and forms of treatment emerge. This sheer variety demonstrates the immense versatility and therapeutic effectiveness of the key tools of aromatherapy- the essential oils themselves. To illustrate this point, we aim to discuss two facets of aromatherapy opposed to one another at first glance but which reveal just how essential oils can and are being utilized to their fullest potential.
As aromatherapists and educators, we have had the opportunity to study and experience first hand both holistic aromatherapy and clinical, medical aromatherapy. It is these two approaches that we shall consider here.
Firstly, holistic aromatherapy, in its broadest sense, is the use of essential oil for the purposes of enhancing the health and well-being of the client on all levels- mental, emotional, physical, and energetic. This approach is recognized by most around the world as a therapy that involved massage and utilizes the psychosensory impact of the aroma of the essential oils. The actual style of application and techniques may vary around the world, but it is generally accepted that an aromatherapy massage treatment follows consultation with the client and selection of appropriate essential oils for the individual which are then blended into a suitable medium for massage into the skin. The concept of using essential oils internally is an anathema to holistic
On the other hand, medical aromatherapy as practiced in France uses essential oils in a different variety of ways. The goal is also the restoration of health and well being to the client but the approach is different. This is due to the fact that in France, those who are entitled to practice aromatherapy are medical doctors and pharmacists. Thus their methods of application utilize the routes embraced and favored by the medical profession. So, it is common for the medical aromatherapist to 'prescribe' essential oils for internal use, for example by oral, rectal, or vaginal routes of administration. The concept of using essential oils with massage for any other purpose than muscular aches and pains is considered a little bizarre by many medical
So, what are the similarities and differences between these two approaches and is there a chance that they can be blended into a synergistic whole? We happen to think so and will explain why in this article. In order to do so, let us consider the benefits and disadvantages of each approach.
For holistic aromatherapy, undoubtedly the most significant impact of an aromatherapy massage treatment is in the treatment of the stress related problem, particularly those of a chronic nature. The entire treatment process is geared to this end. Factors that influence the outcome of the treatment include:
- the positive client/ therapist interaction
- the considerable time spent on a one to one basis
- the aroma of the chosen essential oils
- the psychophysical effects of the chosen essential oils
- the ambiance of the treatment area
- the client centered approach
- the respect for the individuality of the client on all levels
These factors all combine to make a holistic aromatherapy treatment one of the most 'stress busting' treatments available. With the incident of stress related illness on the increase, the need for this treatment approach also rises. Thus it comes to no surprise that holistic aromatherapy is the fastest growing complementary therapy in most developed countries.
Another benefit of holistic aromatherapy is that given so much pain relief, particularly that arising from soft tissue dysfunction. This is due in part to the above factors already listed, particularly thoe massage techniques employed. An aromatherapy massage treatment in effect, a double treatment that can bring long lasting results and client satisfaction.
This disadvantages of holistic aromatherapy approach relate in part to the method of application and also to the knowledge and skills of the therapist. Holistic aromatherapy is a complementary therapy that works alongside and supports traditional medical care. Whilst holistic aromatherapy excels treating chronic, stress related disorders, it is less effective with conditions of a more physical and acute nature. These problems require a more intensive aromatic approach. Limited by the method of the application via the skin, the holistic aromatherapist can only administer low strength combinations of essential oils that may not reach sufficient therapeutic levels in
the body to greatly influence the outcome of the client's problem. The holistic aromatherapist has frequently justified fear of skin irritation or sensitivity coupled with perhaps a lack of in depth knowledge of pathology and individual essential oil chemistry. They may also not be legally permitted to administer essential oils internally. This is an area where the medical aromatherapist is more suitably
qualified and effective.
An additional disadvantage is that there is extremely little research available as to the effects of a holistic aromatherapy approach. This is due mainly to its multi- dimentional nature that encompasses a synergy of all the points raised above. Thus it is extremely difficult to measure the effectiveness of the therapy. As the popularity of aromatherapy increases, the demand for proof as to its effectiveness also rises.
The medical aromatherapy approach takes a more serious stand in the field of alternative medicine. It is not only a complementary therapy- it is also able to actively treat disease. It is thus ideally suited for problems of a deeper, more acute nature that are largely physical in their manifestation such as infection and inflammation. The therapist, with his or her in-depth knowledge of physiology, pharmacognosy and essential oil therapeutics is able to prescribe for the client an intensive regime to deal with their problems. This may involve giving capsules or complexes internally or external complexes of essential oils of a much higher concentration to that used by the average holistic
aromatherapist. Each formula and prescription is calculated carefully for the client by using different parameters that the holistic
Medical aromatherapy is easier to research as it relies more heavily on the individual essential oils than the method of application or treatment approach. In scientific literature, it is relatively easy to locate research papers regarding the antimicrobial and phychophysiological effects of essential oils and their components.
The disadvantages of medical aromatherapy approach include the possibility that only the symptoms of the problem are addressed rather than the cause, thus resulting in the original imbalance being driven deeper into the body. This 'quick fix' approach is a tempting one as it is less time consuming and can bring what appears to be almost miraculous results to the client. However, such results are often short lived. Many doctors in France who use essential oils use the concept of' terrain' to ensure this does not happen. The word 'terrain' is used widely in France to describe the ground substance/ constitution of the body- if the terrain is balanced and healthy, then the body will be able to withstand disease and imbalance. Restoring the terrain of the body is an important part of the medical aromatherapist's approach if they wish to give a balanced and effective treatment with long lasting results. Another area where medical aromatherapy is less effective is in the area of stress management. Problems of this nature respond better to the combination approach of the holistic aromatherapist for reasons we have already explored. It is the unique synergy between smell, touch and nurturing that is more appropriate.
Creating a synergy of approaches
Thus, in an ideal world, in order to use essential oils to their fullest potential, perhaps we need aromatherapists who are able to combine a holistic approach with a more clinical one. In order for this to happen, above all, we need to extend our awareness of how essential oils are utilized around the world and respect other methods. If this happens, the holistic aromatherapist would be willing to explore more intensive methods of application and undertake further study and the medical aromatherapist would learn more of the benefits of aromatherapy massage. This can only lead to a more effective therapy in all its dimensions. Another key point is that we need more research conducted as regards to the efficacy of holistic aromatherapy treatments and more 'in vivo' experimentation with essential oils than is currently conducted. T This broad and all encompassing approach may seem a long way off and there is much more educating to be done, but there is evidence that at last there is starting to be mutual sharing of knowledge, experience and skill. In the UK, there are now courses in aromatic medicine open to non-medical aromatherapists and in France there are increasing numbers of doctors starting to appreciate the benefits of combining essential oils with massage for chronic stress relative conditions. This needs to be actively encouraged. We forecast that over the next few years, the shape of aromatherapy training will change to incorporate the changes necessary to combine these differing approaches. This will mean longer and more in-depth (and more expensive) courses available for the serious
Aromatherapy as its practiced nowadays is still in a phase of adolescence. We are witnessing the 'growth spurt' of a young and newly emerging profession. Thus necessarily, we will undergo enormous changes as a profession until we reach the more stable state of maturity. Once we recognize this, we can understand the importance for researching all aspects, respecting differing approaches and moving with the changing times whilst retaining our own individual style and approach. Our strength lies in diversity rather than uniformity. Thus once more, we are reminded of the concept of synergy, where the whole is always greater than the sum of its parts.
Rhiannon Harris is an aromatherapist, author and essential oils educator. Together with husband Bob, editor of the International Journal of Aromatherapy and author of the research compilation, The Aromatherapy Database, they lecture worldwide. Based in southern France, they also hold classes and conduct educational tours in
This article is ? 2001 The National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy
คลิก - Aromatherapy products click
involves the use of essential oils for therapeutic effects.
When thoroughly defined it is the skilled and
controlled use of essential oils for physical and emotional
goal is to provide you with Aromatherapy products that you
will enjoy using in a casual setting that will enhance your
life and provide enjoyable, pleasurable, and beneficial
Aromatherapy has been used by many cultures to physically
treat and heal many medical and emotional conditions,
something modern science is now beginning to confirm, we are
NOT offering Aromatherapy products or advice to treat any
medical or emotional problem.
Aromatherapy has been used by the most ancient civilizations
and is reputed to be at least 6000 years old. It is believed
that Aromatherapy has its origins in Egypt. As
far back as the fourth century BC, Hippocrates wrote about
the benefits of burning certain aromatic substances.
What are Essential Oils?
Essential oils are extracted from certain
species of flowers, grasses, fruits, leaves, roots, and
trees. Each individual oil has its own qualities and is used
for many diverse purposes.
It takes a great deal of work to produce a tiny
amount of essential oil. Sixty thousand rose blossoms are
required to produce one ounce of rose oil, whereas in the
lavender plant the essential oil is more abundant and 220
pounds will provide 7 pounds of oil. In the case of jasmine,
the flowers must be picked by hand before the sun becomes
hot on the very first day they open, whereas the sandalwood
tree must be at least 30 years old and thirty feet high
before it can be cut down for distillation. Between these
extremes, a whole range of growing and picking conditions
apply to the plants that will ultimately provide the
precious essential oils. The price of each oil reflects
these conditions, and because it takes eight million hand
picked jasmine blossoms to produce 2.2 pounds of oil, you
can understand why it is one of the most expensive oils on
do essential oils work?
Essential Oils penetrate the body in two ways, through the
nose and through the skin. Our sense of smell is often
underestimated, but it is approximately 10,000 times more
sensitive than any other sensory organ we possess, and skin
is the bodys largest organ.
effects of essential oils can be felt simply by breathing in
the aromatic vapor. The aroma molecule that we breathe in is
translated into a signal in our receptor cell in the nose.
This signal is sent to the olfactory bulb and then on to the
limbic and hypothalamus parts of the brain. These are the
parts of the brain that regulate hormonal activity in our
second way for essential oils to penetrate the body is
through the skin. Because essential oils are organic in
nature, and have a very inherently low molecular weight they
are absorbed through the pores and hair follicles of the
Carrier Oils are vegetable, nut, or seed oils. Unlike
the oils in supermarkets which have been processed with
chemical agents, carrier oils used in aromatherapy are cold
pressed. Since essential oils are so concentrated they
usually need to be diluted for use directly on the skin. The
natural vegetable oils which have therapeutic and nourishing
properties of their own make them ideal carriers. Carrier
oils are excellent for massage oils and for skin care. Keep
your carrier oils in a dark & cool place. Jojoba and
Evening Primrose may be kept in the refrigerator.
Synergy Blends are a mixture of two or more pure essential
oils. By mixing these oils together a new chemical compound
is created that is different than its essential oil
components. Using recipes from reputable aromatherapy books
we have created some marvelous synergy combinations. These
synergetic blends are very particular and powerful. Since
these recipes are made from pure essential oils without a
carrier oil, they are to be used in diffusers, aroma lamps,
in the bath, or simply lightly applied, using a mist bottle,
to cloth material, pillows, sheets, lingerie, etc.. Or one
may choose to mix them with a carrier oil and use as a
do I know if its the real thing?
should always look and make sure that you are buying 100%
pure essential oils. All of our oils are genuine 100%
pure essential oils. We stock our oils in bulk directly from
an international company that sources and purchases the oils
directly from the reputable manufacturers at the source in
you are shopping around in other stores or websites be
careful. Perfume Oils
Fragrant Oils or any Aromatherapy oils that do
not call themselves Pure Essential Oils often are not
pure at best and most are either cut/stretched and
adulterated with added ingredients, or are synthetic.
If you can detect a gaseous, harsh, alcohol-like odor
from the bottle, the oil may have been stretched with an
long will essential oils last?
Unfortunately essential oils do not have date stamps when
sold, so it is impossible to tell how old they are when you
buy them. With careful attention through our inventory/sales
management we can assure you that you will not receive any
old oils. The therapeutic life of essential oils is
about two years, though some experts say it is much longer
do I can keep essential oils?
Essential oils should be purchased and stored in
dark-colored glass bottles such as cobalt blue or amber. The
majority of our bottles are cobalt blue, have tight seal
caps, and orifice reducers (droppers).
The dark glass protects the essential oils from the
light but you need to store them away from direct sunlight
and away from any heat source, preferably in a cool and dark
cabinet. Your oils can evaporate so always keep the cap
screwed on tight. Also, be cautioned that essential oils can
harm some varnished wood surfaces and some plastics such as
always store your oils out of the reach of children and
Do not take any oils internally without consultation from a
certified aromatherapy practitioner. Most essential oils
should be diluted before applying them to the skin. If you
are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or
have any other medical problem, use oils only under the
proper guidance of a certified aromatherapy practitioner.
Use extreme caution when using oils with children and give
children only the gentlest oils at extremely low doses. It
is safest to consult a certified aromatherapy practitioner
before using oils with children. The best way to test an
essential oil for allergy interactions with your body is
with a skin patch spot test. If you have a known allergy to
a plant or fruit, most likely you will be allergic to its
essential oil. Essential oils are very concentrated oils and
more is not better in their application. In
higher proportions they can have a counter-effect to the
intended use. Read about an essential oil before applying it
and take extra care to read about the safety precautions of
each oil. Do not apply citrus essential oils, especially
bergamot, before direct exposure to the sun. These essential
oils increase photosensitivity to the sun and tend to be
highly irritating to the skin. Essential oils are not
soluble in water. Make sure you dilute or fully disperse
them before getting into the bath. If you should ever
experience an irritation to the skin from an essential oil,
do not rub the area with water. Doing so will cause the
irritation to spread. Apply any vegetable/carrier oil to the
area; this will cause the essential oil to be absorbed and
should ease the irritation within minutes. Always avoid
contact with the eyes. Keep essential oils out of the reach
of children and animals.
information is not intended as medical advice. If medical
attention is needed please consult a physician or health
medical research has not been conducted to affirm or
disprove the effectiveness of essential oils. This website
and the contents of its web pages are not intended to
diagnose or treat any medical or emotional conditions, nor
provide any medical advice or medical remedy. If medical
attention is needed, please consult a doctor or medical
specialist. We are not able to respond to email or telephone
inquiries regarding specific medical issues. None of our
staff at AromaTherapyWebsite.com has a medical license.
คลิก - Aromatherapy products click